‘belly button, navel’, ‘umbilical cord’,

easy way to type it:   kwaluu   

for AMP:  


Lolly Metcalf’s South Slough Milluk

Annie Miner Peterson’s Milluk

Americanist Phonetic


Exactly Jacobs’ transcription

Americanist Phonetic & IPA

[ kwálu ],


[ kwálu ]

[ ˈkwɑlu ],


[ ˈkwɑlu ]


[ qwá·lu


[ ˈqwɑˑlu ]

Instant Phonetic Englishization:  KWAH_loo,   QWAH_loo  for Mrs. Peterson, where the q is farther back in the throat. 

The k-q Sound Correspondence:  This is one of several examples of a sound correspondence in Milluk whereby Annie Miner Peterson has a uvular consonant in her pronunciation of a Milluk word and Lolly Metcalf’s Coos Bay Milluk pronunciation of the same word has a velar consonant matching Mrs. Peterson’s uvular consonant.  The Hanis language shares this sound correspondence with Coos Bay Milluk agreeing in having a velar consonant in quite a few words where Annie Miner Peterson’s pronunciations of the Milluk words have a uvular consonant. 
The Sound Correspondence with a Twist:  In this case though, with the Milluk word meaning ‘belly button’, there is a twist.  When we look at Melville Jacobs’ slip-file dictionary, we see that Mrs. Peterson has a Milluk word [ qwá·lu ] ‘navel’, ‘umbilical cord’ matching her Hanis word [ gwə́ʔla ] ‘navel’, ‘umbilical cord’.  The Hanis word begins with a voiced velar stop [ g ], instead of the expected voiceless velar stop [ k ].  There are two differences with this consonant, instead of there being just one difference.  In other words, Hanis and Coos Bay Milluk do not agree.  They have different words meaning ‘belly button’.