easy way to type it:   k’illga

Lolly Metcalf’s South Slough Milluk

Americanist Phonetic


[ k̯ʼɪ́l· ],


[ k̯ʼɪ́l· ]

[ ˈkʲʼɪlˑɡʌ ],


[ ˈkʲʼɪlˑɡʌ ]

The Range in the Milluk Phoneme / a /:  In this interview segment, Lolly Metcalf demonstrates that the final vowel in this word can be pronounced with essentially the vowel in the English word ‘cut’ [ kʰʌt ].  In the interview segments “Child 1” and “Child 2”, she pronounces this same Milluk word ending with the vowel [ ɑ ], the vowel in the English word ‘cot’ [ kʰɑt ], the way that people in Oregon pronounce the word ‘cot’.  The vowel [ ɑ ] is produced with a lower tongue height than the vowel [ ʌ ].  In Milluk, the phonetic vowels [ ɑ ] and [ ʌ ] are variations of the same vowel phoneme /a/, while in English they are two different phonemes.  The difference in tongue height, between [ ɑ ] and [ ʌ ], can makes the difference between one English word and another completely different English word with a different meaning.   

Link to the Sound File: Click on the link below to get to a page where there is a sound file of this interview segment. 


Instant Phonetic Englishization:   kʼill_guh, for both of the times that she says the word in this interview segment. 

About the consonants in this word, see what we say about the interview segment “Child 1”. 


for AMP:  


Annie Miner Peterson’s Milluk

Exactly Jacobs’ transcription

Americanist Phonetic & IPA






[ k̯ʼɪ́lga ]


[ ˈkʲʼɪlɡɑ ]

[ k̯ʼɪ́l·ga ]  


[ ˈkʲʼɪlˑɡɑ ]