easy way to type it:    hel

Lolly Metcalf’s Coos Bay Milluk

Americanist Phonetic


[ hɛʰl ],


[ hæʰl ]

[ hɛʰl ],


[ hæʰl ]

Instant Phonetic Englishization:  Like the English word ‘hell’, but a shorter and breathy syllable.  The range in the pronunciation of the vowel makes Lolly’s second time saying the word sound like the English name ‘Hal’, although it is still a short breathy syllable.

for AMP:  


Annie Miner Peterson’s Milluk

Exactly Jacobs’ transcription

Americanist Phonetic & IPA




[ hɛʰl


[ hɛʰl ]  

We assume that there would have been a similar range in the vowel shape (i.e. in the height of the tongue and how tense or lax the vowel would be) in Annie Miner Peterson’s pronunciations of this word just as there is with the two times that we hear this word from Lolly Metcalf in this ingterview segment.  Jacobs did not distinguish the phonetic vowel [ ɛ ] from the phonetic vowel [ æ ] in his phonetic transcriptions, so we have to just assume this range in the vowel shape from Mrs. Peterson.