‘gun’, ‘bow for big game’,

easy way to type it:    gugwiil

Lolly Metcalf’s South Slough Milluk

Americanist Phonetic


[ kubí·l ],


[ gugwí·l ]

[ kubí·l ],


[ ɡuɡwí·l ]

Instant Phonetic Englishization:  Like koo_beel, for Lolly’s uniquely Coos Bay Milluk version of the word.  Lolly’s more shared version of the word is more like goo_gweel, while Annie’s version of the word has dotted, back Gs which are made farther back in the throat. 

The K [ k ] at the beginning of Lolly’s first time saying this word is not decidedly aspirated, so it would not seem to count as / k / in phonemic terms.  Word-initial voiceless stop consonants in Milluk are generally decidedly aspirated.  Another Milluk word that has an evident sound correspondence involving b-gw is the Milluk word meaning ‘cradle’ which Lolly says in the interview segment "Cradle" on this website.  There too, we find ourselves dealing at the margins with [ k ], where otherwise there is [ g ] and also a sound correspondence with [ b ].  

for AMP:   


Annie Miner Peterson’s Milluk

Exactly Jacobs’ transcription

Americanist Phonetic & IPA




[ ɢ̣uɢ̣wí·l


[ ɢuˈɢwiˑl ]