‘black water lizard’,

easy way to type it:    iigats’@s

Lolly Metcalf’s South Slough Milluk

Americanist Phonetic


a first time saying the word,


[ ʔigá·tsʼəs ]

a first time saying the word,


[ ʔiˈɡɑˑtsʼəs ]

Instant Phonetic Englishization:  ee_gahts’_uhs for Lolly’s pronunciation, yee_gahts!_uhs, for Annie’s. 

If you listen carefully to what Lolly says of this word you might not be able to tell that she has an ejective affricate [ tsʼ ] in this word and not just a plain voiceless affricate [ ts ].  We credit Lolly, so to speak, with saying an ejective affricate [ tsʼ ], even though it is what we call a very ‘light pronunciation of an ejective’.  With affricates, the fricative release of the affricate makes it hard, in any case, to hear the poppying sound of an ejective.  

We credit Annie, so to speak, with have an actual glottal stop [ ʔ ] at the beginning of her pronunciation of this word.  Jacobs did not write glottal stops at the beginings of phonetic phrases, including where an individual word stands alone as a phonetic phrase onto itself.  

It is not a complete mismatch between Lolly’s [ ʔi ] at the beginning of this word and Annie’s [ ʔyi ] at the beginning of this word.  There is actually a pattern to this.  Look at our table of transcriptions for the interview segment “He Opened It”.  There, it is a glottal stop and the semivowel [ w ] from Annie [ ʔw ] matching Lolly’s glottal stop vowel sequence there, instead of a glottal stop and the semivowel [ y ] from Annie [ ʔy ] which we have here, which matches Lolly’s glottal stop vowel sequence here. 

for AMP:   


Annie Miner Peterson’s Milluk

Exactly Jacobs’ transcription

Americanist Phonetic & IPA


Modernized to:  


[ ʔyigá·tsʼəs ]   


[ ʔyiˈɡɑˑtsʼəs ]