‘smoke’, as a noun,

easy way to type it:  kwille’es  

Lolly Metcalf’s South Slough Milluk

Americanist Phonetic


[ kwɪl·ǽʔæs ],

[ ʔʌʰ ],


[ kwɪl·ǽʔæs ]

[ kwɪˈlˑæʔæs ],

[ ʔʌʰ ],


[ kwɪˈlˑæʔæs ]

Instant Phonetic Englishization: Lolly pronounces this word in the same way that she pronounces the Milluk word meaning ‘sun’.  Listen to the way that she say ‘uh’, phonetically [ ʔʌʰ ], where the intonation suggests that she thought that something was wrong.  Annie's version of the word begins with a voiced uvular consonant, like quite a few other words where Lolly’s version of a word has a voiced velar stop, not so far back in the throat. 

for AMP:


Annie Miner Peterson’s Milluk

Exactly Jacobs’ transcription

Americanist Phonetic & IPA

| g̣wə́l·ɛ́ʔɛs | once,

| g̣wə́l·ɛʔɛs | 7 times in the Milluk texts.


[ ɢ̣wə́l·æʔæs


[ ˈɢwəlˑæʔæs ]